Mytilene is one of the oldest towns in the Aegean Sea. Its was founded back in the beginning of the 10th century BC and ruins from all its periods - archaic, classic, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine - have been found almost everywhere in and around it. The quay of Mytilene, is the first thing that the visitor sees
Most of its buildings were constructed sometime around the turn of the previous century: the former hotel of "Great Britain", the traditional coffee house "Panhellenion", the building of the Agricultural Bank of Greece, the building at "Kolones" - also a former hotel - the old Ottoman Bank which today houses a Patisserie, the Municipality's Public Garden, the marble building of the Prefecture, the old building of the Town Hall, they all compose a sight of rare beauty.
The town of Mytilene spreads amphitheatrically along the southeastern part of the island and has a population of about 30,000 inhabitants. It has two ports, the northern and the southern one. The southern port substituted the old northern port -known as Epano Skala- at the end of the 19th century.
Today the southern port is modern and well-organized. Around the area of the port there are various neoclassic buildings that house civil services and almost all the local authorities as well as imposing churches and schools. In the town there are two Archaeological Museums, the Museum of Byzantine Art, the Folk Art Museum, the Traditional Lesbian House, Yeni Tzami (an old mosque) and around it the Ancient Theatre at the hill of Ayia Kyriaki and the Castle to the right of the port. Mytilini also takes pride in its parks, squares and two pine-tree woods at the areas of the Castle and the Ancient Theatre.
At the same time the town spread to the northwest, south and southeast, but old settlements, like the area of Kioski and Sourada keep their elegant style to this day, since most of the mansions in them have been renovated.
The first main junction on the right takes us to Vareia, a beautiful place full of olive trees in which the Museum of Theophilos and the Teriade Museum of Modern Art are situated.
Going uphill, we meet the village Kayiani or Taxiarches, with the imposing church of the Taxiarch (Archangel Gabriel) and then going back down the first junction to the eastwards leads to the small picturesque villages of Ayia Marina and Pligoni. Back to the main road we meet the crystal clear waters of Vigla, Neapolis and Kratigos.